Antiretroviral treatment, prevention of HIVAntiretroviral therapy is the main type of HIV treatment or AIDS. It is not a panacea, but access to treatment can cure for hiv patients ill for many years, and may even help you live a "nearly normal."
What is antiretroviral treatment, actually it keeps the amount of HIV in the body at a low level. This avoids any weakening of the immune system and allows you to recover any damage already caused by the HIV.
The HIV treatments consists of drugs that they must take every day for the rest of a person's life. In addition, the drugs at the same time (s) need to be taken every day. Some people may experience severe side effects such as nausea, vomiting, skin rash and diarrhea, may or may not respond to certain medications.
Currently there are more than 20 approved antiretroviral.
First and second-line treatment
The initiation of treatment is administered, the combination of drugs to a patient named first-line therapy. However, if the virus develops resistance to this combination in time, or if the side effects are particularly bad, then it is usually necessary to change the second line therapy.
The second-line treatment generally comprises at least three new drug with at least one of a new class in order to increase the likelihood of successful treatment.
In Malaysia, the first-line antiretroviral treatment is fully funded, while the second-line antiretroviral treatment is partially subsidized. Antiretroviral therapy is also in prison.
Simultaneously take two or more antiretroviral drugs is called combination therapy. Under the combination of three or more anti-HIV drugs called highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) often.
When a drug is administered, the virus resistant to the drugs work quickly and quit. Take two or more antiretroviral drugs together can significantly reduce the rate at which it would develop resistance, so that the treatment is effective in the long term.
Some antiretroviral drugs in a single pill, which is known as risen "fixed-dose combination." This reduces the number of pills a patient needs to take each day.
The choice of drugs to be administered depends on a number of factors, including the price and availability of drugs, the number of pills and the side effects of medications.
In developing countries, most people with HIV have very limited access to antiretroviral treatment and have only received the treatment of diseases that occur as a result of a weakened immune system.
This HIV treatments has only short-term benefits, because they are not the underlying immunodeficiency.