The rate of tuberculosis TB disease increases in Washington
Tuberculosis cases has risen dramatically in Washington for the first time after several years of decline.
Up to 13 percent of the 185 cases reported in 2012- the last year, 209 cases of tuberculosis (TB) were recorded.
The tuberculosis rate in Washington has always been lower than the national average, but in 2013 its rate is higher corresponded to the national average.
"TB can be very serious and even fatal disease. Treatment is difficult for people because it requires taking multiple medications for several months," State Board of Health said Dr. Kathy Lofy.
"It is important for public health and the health of the community to remain vigilant and work together to fight against TB."
TB is a dangerous disease. This is usually a bacterial infection which affects the lungs but attack other parts of the body.
Most symptoms are fever, night sweats, fatigue, weight loss and a persistent cough.
Some people can be infected with TB and have no symptoms.
Immediate treatment with appropriate antibiotics is the key to survival and less severe symptoms.
People with HIV or AIDS, people under 5 and over 50, and people whose immune systems are most at risk.
The disease is spread through the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks, and breathe in other bacteria.
Counties with the largest number of cases in 2013 were the king (114), Snohomish (26), Pierce (22), Spokane (7), Clark (5) and Thurston (5).
Drug-resistant TB remains a threat to public health in Washington. This type of treatment of tuberculosis requires a longer period of time.
Two cases resistant to the Department of State Health TB multi-drug were reported in 2013.
Infection control procedures must prevent, so it does not spread in place in hospitals or care to avoid exposure to TB.
TB are higher among racial and ethnic groups. Nearly 75 percent of 2,013 cases born in the state abroad.
In 2013, 53.6 percent of all reported cases of tuberculosis in Washington were among Asians, followed by Hispanics (13.9 percent) and white (13.4 percent).
American Indians and Alaska accounted for only 1.4 percent of TB cases in Washington in 2013.
Health care providers, laboratory workers and health agencies must continue to work together to prevent the recurrence of tuberculosis. There are only 75 years, tuberculosis has killed nearly 1,000 state residents each year. In 2013, there were 16 deaths from TB.
The disease burden continues to rise, especially in drug-resistant cases are becoming more common around the world.
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While considerable work has been done to prevent the spread of the disease, tuberculosis is a long-term commitment that must be respected by the community health care and public health.
Worldwide TB is a leading cause of death from infectious diseases. About nine million people infected with TB worldwide each year, and kills about two million.